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为何都说百菜不如白菜

2018-07-20 09:08:04    《生命时报》  参与评论()人

“百菜独有白菜好,诸肉唯有猪肉香”这句谚语在民间广泛流传。说的是肉类中最香的是猪肉,菜类中最好吃的莫过于白菜。这句谚语究竟有没有道理,古人为什么对白菜和猪肉如此厚爱呢?

白菜易储藏,价格实惠,而且适用于各种烹调,可以跟多数菜肴搭配,是名副其实的“平民菜”和“百搭菜”。不管熬、炒、烧、扒,还是做馅、拌、炝、腌,只要烹调合理,白菜都让人百吃不厌。从营养学的角度分析,大白菜属十字花科,含有丰富的维生素、膳食纤维和抗氧化物质,能促进肠道蠕动,帮助消化,防止大便干燥。尤其值得注意的是,大白菜的维生素C含量高于苹果和梨,与柑橘类居于同一水平,而且热量还要低得多。不过纵使白菜千般好,其中叶绿素等营养素的量远远低于绿叶蔬菜。因此,“百菜独有白菜好”的说法有些片面,不同蔬菜都各有优势,搭配食用才更符合营养平衡的原则。

“诸肉唯有猪肉香”的主要原因是猪肉的脂肪含量高于其他肉类,其中肥猪肉为44%左右,瘦猪肉也高达20%以上,一般来说,脂肪越高的肉吃起来越香。在营养上,猪肉的维生素B1含量远胜于其他肉类,尤其是猪瘦肉中维生素B1含量是牛肉的4倍多,羊肉和鸡肉的5倍多。维生素B1具有把糖分转化成能量的作用,能有效消除人体疲劳。但猪肉中脂肪含量高,所以肥胖和高血脂的人要控制摄入量。

(责任编辑:董高娃 CY003)
关键词:白菜食疗
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